for Veterans and the Public
Can I give HIV or hepatitis C to someone else through sex? - Hepatitis C for Patients
HIV is spread by infected blood, semen, and vaginal fluids. Practicing safe sex is the best way to keep other people from getting HIV.
Hepatitis C is spread mainly by the blood and rarely by sex.
If you have sex, the best thing to do is practice safer sex all the time. To do so, always use a condom, dental dam, or other latex barrier and avoid "rough sex" or other activities that might cause bleeding. For more information, see tips for using condoms and dental dams on the VA HIV website.